Thursday, June 4, 2020

An Unflattering Portrait of Old Nigeria Analyzing Mr Omo - Literature Essay Samples

Mr Omo from the novel ‘No Longer at Ease’ by Chinua Achebe is a minor character. He is one of the Nigerian men who shares a workplace with Obi, and is Obi’s idea of a typical ‘old Nigerian man’. Indeed, Mr Omo does represent the older generation of Nigerians as viewed by younger characters and construed by the author and the readers are led to think him lazy and corrupt as a consequence.. When readers are first introduced to him, Mr Omo is shown to be lazing off during his job, and quickly â€Å"pockets a kola nut† when Mr Green walks into the room. This is likely why Obi quickly forms the conclusion that Mr Omo is one of the lazy, corrupt, older generation of Nigerians. Throughout the rest of the novel, there are also several mentions of Obi not knowing certain details of his job, such as the fact that the excess of the fund he received for his journey back to Umuofia needs to be returned, because Mr Omo did not mention it to Obi. This may indicate that Mr Omo is not responsible and thorough in his work, and only does the bare minimum required of him. Thus, readers will look down on him. Moreover, Mr Omo is someone who is intimidated by the white man and their world. He grovels in the presence of Mr Green, and tries to flatter him, as seen when he personally brings a report to Mr Green after failing to do so on time. This hints that he feels inferior to Mr Green, a European, and he, like other Nigerians, think â€Å"the only thing the white man cannot do is mold a human being†. He is also scared of answering the phone, and shows â€Å"hesitation† before answering the phone and â€Å"relief† when the caller asks for Obi. This shows his sense of discomfort in the world of the white man. The fact that he is introduced as eating a kola nut — a recurring motif in the novel which represents Nigerian culture, further proves the fact that he is a representation of Nigerians in the world of the white man. Furthermore, it is hinted that Mr Omo is corrupt. When Obi looks for a salary raise, Mr Omo implies that the possibility of such a raise is not â€Å"unconnected to his personal pleasure†, showing that Obi will likely have to bribe Mr Omo for such a raise to be possible. This shows the reality of Nigerians in higher positions of power abusing said power for their own benefits. Obi’s conclusion of Mr Omo being one of the corrupt old men is not far from the truth. However, it is worth noting that despite Mr Omo’s potential corrupt tendencies, he is still respected by the people who work beneath him, as seen when his loyal colleagues laughed along with him to Obi’s ignorance regarding contracts. This shows that corruption is either expected of someone in Mr Omo’s position, or Mr Omo is merely experienced enough to hide his abuse of power. After all, in the end, it is not Mr Omo, a corrupt, uneducated, old Nigerian man who gets caught for corruption, bu t Obi, a young, educated man who was vehemently against corruption instead. Relating to the previous point, Mr Omo, is, in the eyes of a traditional Nigerian, a successful man. He works as an Administrative Assistant, which is a relatively high position of power, and he has people who work beneath him who are loyal to him. It is mentioned that he is working to fund his son’s education. All these factors make Mr Omo a success in the Nigerian society. He may not have a degree like Obi, but he ends up being the one who shows Obi’s the ropes on his first day, showing readers that experience is indeed more important than education, something that Obi does not realise. Thus, Mr Omo, although representing the Obi’s idea of a typical old Nigerian man, also shows readers that that is not necessarily a bad thing, and that such old man have reached positions of power for a reason. Mr Omo, whether he obtained his job through bribery or not, is ultimately successful as a member of his community and the head of his family. Mr Omo, although bearing the flaws of the old Nigerian generation which Obi continuously points out throughout the novel, shows readers that such ‘flaws’ are the way the Nigerian society works. It is through bribery, experience, and respect and understanding of the Nigerian culture and social hierarchy that one manages to succeed and survive. Mr Omo may be lazy and corrupt, but at least he does not end up being sentenced to jail as Obi does. Achebe uses Mr Omo to convey this message, reflecting the deeply rooted problem of corruption not only in Nigeria as a country, but in the Nigerian culture and society as a whole.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Short Story - 1544 Words

One day in a college water pipe there was a peanut named peter, this peanut was special, he lived in a Skippy brand peanut butter jar in a city named Aquaville. One day he met a donut named Dylan. Peter met Dylan when he was walking down to the local coffee shop. That day was not normal in his usual seat was sitting a donut. As Peter looked around at him the donut turned and glanced at him and he said hi and ever since that day they were good friends. After about a year of working at the local grocery store he discovered something very wrong with the city. In his daily walk down to the gym, he saw a sewer hatch open and he couldn’t resist but to explore. He loved to explore he climbed down the ladder and walked a ways down when he saw the†¦show more content†¦And the next minute came on the news from the sheriff that they had it under control, but deep inside they knew that it wasn’t fine. So next day at work he was a little more aware of his surroundings and w hat happened which led to him at his home starting to prepare for the worst of the worst to happen. So after another week or two he and Dylan began to plan to try and fix this problem so as they worked for about 4 days couldn’t find a solution, but to wait for it to come be set off and for the city to be destroyed and as that evening he began to cry and began to wonder what would become of him when his city and home are destroyed. After the next few days he and the police department were planning when to order a mass evacuation. And as the day was more crime was being committed and they were getting away and peter was trying to figure out why but he couldn’t understand why the crime rate went up high as the day come down to the evacuation and his pet Cedric got sick and was trying to tell him something but couldn’t find out what. On a sunny Wednesday afternoon on the news came a warning of danger and the police ordered that everyone evacuate and that they werenà ¢â‚¬â„¢t panicked when  ¾ the peopleShow MoreRelatedshort story1018 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Short Stories:  Ã‚  Characteristics †¢Short  - Can usually be read in one sitting. †¢Concise:  Ã‚  Information offered in the story is relevant to the tale being told.  Ã‚  This is unlike a novel, where the story can diverge from the main plot †¢Usually tries to leave behind a  single impression  or effect.  Ã‚  Usually, though not always built around one character, place, idea, or act. †¢Because they are concise, writers depend on the reader bringing  personal experiences  and  prior knowledge  to the story. Four MajorRead MoreThe Short Stories Ideas For Writing A Short Story Essay1097 Words   |  5 Pageswriting a short story. Many a time, writers run out of these short story ideas upon exhausting their sources of short story ideas. If you are one of these writers, who have run out of short story ideas, and the deadline you have for coming up with a short story is running out, the short story writing prompts below will surely help you. Additionally, if you are being tormented by the blank Microsoft Word document staring at you because you are not able to come up with the best short story idea, youRead MoreShort Story1804 Words   |  8 PagesShort story: Definition and History. A  short story  like any other term does not have only one definition, it has many definitions, but all of them are similar in a general idea. According to The World Book Encyclopedia (1994, Vol. 12, L-354), â€Å"the short story is a short work of fiction that usually centers around a single incident. Because of its shorter length, the characters and situations are fewer and less complicated than those of a novel.† In the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s DictionaryRead MoreShort Stories648 Words   |  3 Pageswhat the title to the short story is. The short story theme I am going conduct on is â€Å"The Secret Life of Walter Mitty’ by James Thurber (1973). In this short story the literary elements being used is plot and symbols and the theme being full of distractions and disruption. The narrator is giving a third person point of view in sharing the thoughts of the characters. Walter Mitty the daydreamer is very humorous in the different plots of his dr ifting off. In the start of the story the plot, symbols,Read MoreShort Stories1125 Words   |  5 PagesThe themes of short stories are often relevant to real life? To what extent do you agree with this view? In the short stories â€Å"Miss Brill† and â€Å"Frau Brechenmacher attends a wedding† written by Katherine Mansfield, the themes which are relevant to real life in Miss Brill are isolation and appearance versus reality. Likewise Frau Brechenmacher suffers through isolation throughout the story and also male dominance is one of the major themes that are highlighted in the story. These themes areRead MoreShort Story and People1473 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Title: Story Of An Hour Author: Kate Chopin I. On The Elements / Literary Concepts The short story Story Of An Hour is all about the series of emotions that the protagonist, Mrs. Mallard showed to the readers. With the kind of plot of this short story, it actually refers to the moments that Mrs. Mallard knew that all this time, her husband was alive. For the symbol, I like the title of this short story because it actually symbolizes the time where Mrs. Mallard died with joy. And with thatRead MoreShort Story Essay1294 Words   |  6 PagesA short story concentrates on creating a single dynamic effect and is limited in character and situation. It is a language of maximum yet economical effect. Every word must do a job, sometimes several jobs. Short stories are filled with numerous language and sound devices. These language and sound devices create a stronger image of the scenario or the characters within the text, which contribute to the overall pre-designed effect.As it is shown in the metaphor lipstick bleeding gently in CinnamonRead MoreRacism in the Short Stor ies1837 Words   |  7 PagesOften we read stories that tell stories of mixing the grouping may not always be what is legal or what people consider moral at the time. The things that you can learn from someone who is not like you is amazing if people took the time to consider this before judging someone the world as we know it would be a completely different place. The notion to overlook someone because they are not the same race, gender, creed, religion seems to be the way of the world for a long time. Racism is so prevalentRead MoreThe Idol Short Story1728 Words   |  7 PagesThe short stories â€Å"The Idol† by Adolfo Bioy Casares and â€Å"Axolotl† by Julio Cortà ¡zar address the notion of obsession, and the resulting harm that can come from it. Like all addictions, obsession makes one feel overwhelmed, as a single thought comes to continuously intruding our mind, causing the individual to not be able to ignore these thoughts. In â€Å"Axolotl†, the narr ator is drawn upon the axolotls at the Jardin des Plantes aquarium and his fascination towards the axolotls becomes an obsession. InRead MoreGothic Short Story1447 Words   |  6 Pages The End. In the short story, â€Å"Emma Barrett,† the reader follows a search party group searching for a missing girl named Emma deep in a forest in Oregon. The story follows through first person narration by a group member named Holden. This story would be considered a gothic short story because of its use of setting, theme, symbolism, and literary devices used to portray the horror of a missing six-year-old girl. Plot is the literal chronological development of the story, the sequence of events

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Ideal State - 1366 Words

Eren Erkan Final Draft 20801260 IR Phil 243/ 15 TuÄŸÃ §e ArÄ ±kan Essay Question: Explain Plato’s ideal state by referring to the Republic, book IV and VII. To what extent do you agree with Plato’s idea that the kings should be philosophers? Why? Why not? Concept of create an ideal state really need to long effort and time. This concept and long standing debate that how should be an ideal state is explains in Plato’s Republic book IV and VII. In Republic, Plato explains the features of an ideal state and he claims that the kings should be philosophers. He thinks to govern a state and make social harmony properly philosophers should govern the state. At this point, I will try to clarify Plato’s ideal state and why kings†¦show more content†¦Healthy things produce health, unhealthy ones disease. Produce justice establish the parts of the soul in a natural relation of control, one by another.’’(Plato, Republic, 444c) Thus, in ideal state every person should be just because, for staying healthy our city needs to just people. Thanks to just people state will become ‘’ideal’’. In ideal state, Plato has an idea that philosophers should be king because he thinks onlyShow More Related The Ideal State of Today Essay1789 Words   |  8 PagesThe search for the ideal state has been an on going mission for leaders since the creation of the first government. For a state to be truly ideal, its administration and chief must have the right characteristics. A government is a system that governs a state. A leader is someone who operates the administration. Although this seems simple, historical and current chiefs and regimes have proven it is not. The teachings of men such as Lao-Tzu and Niccolo Machiavelli include specific details on the traitsRead MoreThe United States and the Ideals of Freedom Essay933 Words   |  4 Pages Since the creation of the United States, the meaning of freedom has changed to meet changing attitudes. Throughout our nation’s history, there have been significant periods of racial, economic and civil rights inequalities. There are different meanings for freedoms that have been established throughout the historical period of the United States. During this modern era, the US had certain periods of time that lived up to the ideals of freedom such as the Gilded Age. In opposition, the US has alsoRead MoreSymmetric Generalized Biderivations On Jordan Ideals1181 Words   |  5 PagesSYMMETRIC GENERALIZED BIDERIVATIONS ON JORDAN IDEALS IN PRIME RINGS AHMED ABOUBAKR* , ** AND SANTOS GONZà LEZ** Abstract. Let R be a prime ring with charR 6 = 2. A biadditive symmetric map B : R Ãâ€" R → R is called symmetric biderivation if, for any fixed y ∈ R, the map x → B(x, y) is a derivation. A symmetric biadditive map G : R Ãâ€" R → R is a symmetric generalized biderivation if for any fixed y ∈ R, the map x → G(x, y) is a generalized derivation of R associated with the derivation B(., y). In theRead MoreThe United States Of America Was Built Upon The Ideals1806 Words   |  8 PagesThe united states of America was built upon the ideals of various cultures that came across this enourmous globe. There were many instances in which this great nation had overcome diversity and strugless for millions of citzens who have lived here for the longest time. However when our nation is attacked with such vile and cruel acts such as the September eleventh attacks, there will be outcomes of war with neighboring nations who may have been renspolbie for this deed. This nation must be strongRead MoreThe Lack of Separation of Church and State is an Attack on Americas Ideals1350 Words   |  6 Pagesat this first experiment on our (religious) liberties (Maddox 3). Former president James Madisons words still ring through American ears as a nation is alarmed by the governments attack on Americas religious ideals Like James Madison, the first Europeans to settle the United States came with a dream of religious freedom. After being social pariahs in their native countries, these settlers held their religious choice sacred. They left their homes, families, and lives behind to seek freedom fromRead MorePerfect Ideal State Essay1019 Words   |  5 PagesPerfect Geopolitical State The ideal country would be one that is very well rounded in nearly all aspects. Our country, Alfador, will be located within inbetween the coast of the United States and Hawaii. This allows for easy access to trade vessels as well as plentiful resources, and a warmer climate found within this area. The trade, and various ports found within our country would help to stimulate the economy, and better the country in the long run. Alfador is roughly 3.8 million square milesRead MorePlato s Ideal State1919 Words   |  8 Pagesteachings of Plato s ideal state in particular and the political views of Plato, in general. Plato s ideal state - a speculative concept, which takes place in comparison with other types of which Plato also describes. First of all, we mean the four imperfect form of the state - timocracy, oligarchy, democracy and tyranny. Also in this context, it is advisable to consider utopian aristocratic republic, described by Plato in his Laws. Taking as an example his ideal state and giving him first placeRead MoreJohn Locke : An Ideal State2015 Words   |  9 Pages Without the protection of the rights entailed from the aforementioned objectives government in any society, there is no rule of law. Without the rule of law society would quickly regress back to a state of nature that was man versus man, or mob rule. Neither situation would be an ideal state for anyone John Locke is one of the many important authors of such theories and I find his reasoning compelling. He believes that if the people give their individual power to enforce the laws of nature toRead MoreVoting throught the History of the United States: Not Living Up to the Founding Fathers ´ Ideals1118 Words   |  5 Pagesincreased opportunity and equality to Americans perhaps not all though. United States have not lived up to the founding fathers’ ideals. Voting first limited to those who had land; then those who did not could, and finally women got their chance to vote. The nation limited American rights to vote but it limited equality as well. In 1828 most states had dropped the requirement that voting citizens must own property but no states then allowed women, American Indians, or slaves to vote (97). In 1848 groupsRead MoreDemocracy : An Ideal State A Model For Future Societies1095 Words   |  5 Pagesintolerant to the subjective behavior they revolt and kill, thus creating their own right to power. Aristotle felt that every state is a community and that these communities are established to produce some good in his work The Politics. The Republic, Plato felt that through philosophical teaching to establish the ideal state—a model for future societies. Plato’s method would be an ideal way to settle the controversy when dealing with democracy, Aristotle solution interrelates with Plato’s method. Plato

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

An Explication of Sylvia Plath8217s 8220Daddy8221 Essay Example For Students

An Explication of Sylvia Plath8217s 8220Daddy8221 Essay It tends to be the trend for women who have had traumatic childhoods to be attracted to men who epitomize their emptiness felt as children. Women who have had unaffectionate or absent fathers, adulterous husbands or boyfriends, or relatives who molested them seem to become involved in relationships with men who, instead of being the opposite of the monsters in their lives, are the exact replicas of these ugly men. Sylvia Plaths poem Daddy is a perfect example of this unfortunate trend. In this poem, she speaks directly to her dead father and her husband who has been cheating on her, as the poem so indicates. The first two stanzas, lines 1-10, tell the readers that Plath, for thirty years, has been afraid of her father, so scared that she dares not to breathe or Achoo. She has been living in fear, although she announces that hes already dead. It is obvious that she believes that her father continues to control her life from the grave. She says that she has had to kill him, but hes alr eady dead, indicating her initial promise to forget him. She calls him a bag full of God, telling us that she considers her father a very strong, omnipotent being, someone who is superior in her eyes. In the middle of the poem, she begins to refer to herself as a Jew, and her father the German, who began chuffing me off like a Jewto Dachau, Auschwitz, Belson. What Plaths intent here is to allow us to understand that her father was a German, and she relates his behavior as a person to a Nazi. But later, she becomes more enraged, and strips the title of God from her father, and labels him a swastika and a brute. Every woman adores a Fascist is Plaths way of describing her feelings toward her father, since he was German. It also explains that women tend to fall into that tragic sequence where an absent father or a brutal father is the reason women attract violent men the boot in the face, the brute brute heart of a brute like you. In stanza 11, we begin to see Plath calling up memories of her father in photographs, and she now refers to him as a devil. In stanza 12, she tells us that he has bit her pretty red heart in two. Next, she states that he died when she was ten, and when she was twenty years old, she attempted suicide I tried to die, to get back back back to you. In stanza 13 is where she starts talking about her husband. She says that instead of dying, her friends stuck her together with glue, and since she could not die to get back to her father, she would marry someone who was similar. A man in black with a Meinkampf lookFor a love of the rack and the screw. These lines are frightening, but unfortunately real. Plath tells us that she has married someone exactly like her father, a man who has a my struggle look, a German look. The third line above seems to mean that her husband, who was poet Ted Hughes, cheated on her, in turn abandoning her. But she still said I do and agreed to be with him. The last two stanzas are the darkest, and ultimately appear to put some type of closure on Plaths life. She obviously believes that she killed her father when she was ten years old, stating that if Ive killed one man, Ive killed two. When parents die, and a child is very young, the child will often believe it to be his or her fault, because children cannot grasp the concept of death or the fact that a parent has left them. Therefore, it is apparent that Plath thinks she killed her father at ten, and is now killing her husband, because he has been cheating on her. She refers to her husband as a vampire, who has drank my blood for a year, seven years, if you want to know. Plath considers her husband to be the vampire version of her father, coming back to life to torture her and drink

Sunday, April 19, 2020

Violence or Non-violence How to Gain Independence Essay Example

Violence or Non-violence How to Gain Independence Paper For every conflict there is a different method towards a resolution. After 1945 several countries under European rule strained for independence, of these many countries, India and Kenya waged two very different journeys to obtaining their goals of independence. India got there in 1947 after long periods of suffering through non-violent protests beginning in the early 1920s (Source 1. pg 1027). Kenya, however, turned to violence in 1952 in order to obtain their independence in 1963 (Source 1. pg 1116). After comparing these two countrys struggles for independence, a method of violence is a more defensible route. European colonies began in India during the early 1600s as a result of the trading companies (Text, pg 623). Realizing that India could not be controlled with out the help of its people, Britain began educating Indian people in order for them to hold political positions. In 1885, the Indian National Congress, was formulated and as a result the Hindu and Muslim people of India were brought together. This unity was ruptured with the British encouragement of the 1906 creation of the Muslim league (Text, pg 1027). Now, the divisions were clear and the only common cause of the two organizations was Indian independence. In 1915 an educated Indian by the name Mohandas Gandi, returned to India after being educated in London and worked in South Africa (Text, pg 1028). Gandi united the Indian people in massive movements, mainly the Non-cooperation Movement (1929-1922) and the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930. Britain did try to put down the Indian protesters violently. We will write a custom essay sample on Violence or Non-violence How to Gain Independence specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Violence or Non-violence How to Gain Independence specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Violence or Non-violence How to Gain Independence specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer This was not unexpected after the 1919 incident where 379 Indian demonstrators were massacred in a protest (Text, pg 1028). Gandi was able to repeatedly rally Indian people in the face of brutality be convincing them that sacrifice on ones self is superior to the sacrificing of others (Doc 169, pg 169). The British complied with several demands for reform as a result of the passive resistance, but only enough to delay independence. Headway was finally made in 1937 when the Government of India Act was enabled by the British to give India the means to be a self-governed state (Text, pg 1028). Unfortunately, due to the Hindu and Muslim divisions, India did not obtain independence until 1947, when India was divided into separate religious states (Text, pg 1102). Indias non-violent methods to acquiring independence can only be attributed to the fact that there was a window of opportunity available to India. After the First World War, Britain was in period of weakened economic status following the U. S. Stock Market Crash of 1929 (Text, pg 1011). This economic disadvantage was only worse after the Second World War. The situation made it difficult for Britain to effectively keep control, and allowing for India to slowly break away (Text, pg 1102). Had the economic situation given Britain the resources to stop the Indian resistance, the outcome of a non-violent gain of independence would not have been possible. The British first colonized Kenya in 1895 (Web). African lands were initially of interest to Europeans in order to establish sources for raw materials and later a labor source. Kenya, like many others sent numerous people to die in European wars for no reward (Doc 158, pg 220). On top of that already serious resentment, heavy taxes, eviction from lands, and being forced into positions of wage slaves, just added to the mounting explosion. Non-violent measures began early in the 1940s, but no requests of reform were ever honored by the British (Text, pg 1116). Angered the frozen situation, several nationalist rose to violently oppose the British in 1952. Jomo Kenyatta was among the leaders of the Mau Mau force who was captured and exiled in 1953 (Web). The British announced a state of emergency, until the violence ended in 1956. British forces were actually the victors of the war for independence, but the people of Kenya continued to push for their cause until it was a reality in 1963 (Text, pg 1116). Kenya chose a violent route towards independence because it was cleat that protests and strikes werent making any leeway. Britain blatantly exploited and suppressed people across Africa, as well as repeatedly ignore Kenyan attempts to become active in their own government. The extreme extent to which the Kenyan people were mistreated explains why they resorted to violence. Only after Kenya displayed their willingness to sacrifice their own lives and take down as many British as possible, did it become evident that the Kenyan people would no longer stand to be railroaded. Comparing these countries a little closer, violence is the more defensible route because once it is used; the process of independence is much faster. It took India well over 25 years after the first movement, and Kenya about 10 years after the first violent act to gain independence from colonial control. The fact that Europeans were only interested in these countries for greed and power, further illustrates how little respect was given. It is also because of these motives that Britain was not going to let go without a fight. Despite the method used to gain independence (violent or non) Britain still used violence in an attempt to control. If violence is to be brought into the equation by colonial powers, it should not be felt only by the oppressed. It is only right that emerging independent nations step up to the plate ready and throw right back what ever is dealt. Another take on the pro-violence stance in that the use of violence can help heal the wounds of racial degradation from years of colonial control (Text, pg 1112). All the adds up to the fact that violence is the best bet for gaining independence. After comparing these two countrys struggles for independence, a method of violence is a more defensible route. It is apparent that a non-violent approach only works in narrow circumstances, so violence the best bet for gaining independence. Violence is faster, fair, and mentally satisfying for countries trying free themselves of colonial control. The resolution must parallel the severity of the problem to have effective results. Any other course of action would only delay (at best) the arrival of independence.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Learn About the Peripheral Nervous System

Learn About the Peripheral Nervous System The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, and a complex network of neurons. This system is responsible for sending, receiving, and interpreting information from all parts of the body. The nervous system monitors and coordinates internal organ function and responds to changes in the external environment. This system can be divided into two parts: the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS is composed of the brain and spinal cord, which function to receive, process, and send information to the PNS. The PNS consists of cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and billions of sensory and motor neurons. The primary function of the peripheral nervous system is to serve as a pathway of  communication between the CNS and the rest of the body. While CNS organs have a protective covering of bone (brain-skull, spinal cord- spinal column), the nerves of the PNS are  exposed and more vulnerable to injury. Types of Cells There are two types of cells in the peripheral nervous system. These cells carry information to (sensory nervous cells) and from (motor nervous cells) the central nervous system. Cells of the sensory nervous system send information to the CNS from internal organs or from external stimuli.  Motor nervous system cells carry information from the CNS to organs, muscles, and glands. Somatic and Autonomic Systems The motor nervous system is divided into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. The somatic nervous system controls skeletal muscle, as well as external sensory organs, such as the skin. This system is said to be voluntary because the responses can be controlled consciously. Reflex reactions of skeletal muscle, however, are an exception. These are involuntary reactions to external stimuli. The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary muscles, such as smooth and cardiac muscle. This system is also called the involuntary nervous system. The autonomic nervous system can further be divided into parasympathetic, sympathetic, enteric divisions. The parasympathetic division functions to inhibit or slow down autonomic activities such as  heart rate, pupil constriction, and bladder contraction. The nerves of the sympathetic division often have an opposite effect when they are located within the same organs as parasympathetic nerves. Nerves of the sympathetic division speed up heart rate, dilate pupils and relax the bladder. The sympathetic system is also involved in the flight or fight response. This is a response to potential danger that results in accelerated heart rate and an increase in metabolic rate. The enteric division of the autonomic nervous system controls the gastrointestinal system. It is composed of two sets of neural networks located within the walls of the digestive tract. These neurons control activities such as digestive motility and blood flow within the digestive system. While the enteric nervous system can function independently, it also has connections with CNS allowing for the transfer of sensory information between the two systems. Division The peripheral nervous system is divided into the following sections: Sensory Nervous System- sends information to the CNS from internal organs or from external stimuli.Motor Nervous System- carries information from the CNS to organs, muscles, and glands.Somatic Nervous System- controls skeletal muscle as well as external sensory organs.Autonomic Nervous System- controls involuntary muscles, such as smooth and cardiac muscle.Sympathetic- controls activities that increase energy expenditures.Parasympathetic- controls activities that conserve energy expenditures.Enteric- controls digestive system activity. Connections Peripheral nervous system connections with various organs and structures of the body are established through cranial nerves and spinal nerves. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves in the brain that establish connections in the head and upper body, while 31 pairs of spinal nerves do the same for the rest of the body. While some cranial nerves contain only sensory neurons, most cranial nerves and all spinal nerves contain both motor and sensory neurons.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Discussion 8 Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Discussion 8 - Assignment Example This can be accomplished through a variety of incentives as well as implementing new requirements for the landscaping of any new housing development. The outright legislation of what type of plants that an individual is allowed to plant in their own yard may seem a bit draconian, especially to those that have lived in the LA area for many years. As such, a good remedy to this would be to require that any new housing developments and or landscaping projects must adhere to some minimum drought hardy requirements. Simply having a green lawn is not reason for a fine; however, if water records can substantiate that the individual is wastefully using public resources solely for beautification purposes, that individual should be forced to pay a penalty for this luxury because the aforementioned individual is taking the resources of the entire public. It is a part of the American societal norm. We are constantly shown perfect, green, beautifully manicured lawns in movies, television, advertisements, and other forms of marketing. We are told that this is what we should all ascribe to and in so doing we will be able to further delineate ourselves from the rest of the neighborhood as the person who has the best grass – as if that really matters. In the first article that was assigned, it stated that the lawn business was a several hundred billion dollar a year money making machine; as such, the firms that benefit from this infusion of money will continue to lobby and advertise and market this form of â€Å"happiness† to an unwitting public. It depends on how severe the drought is or if the water system has reached or is near reaching absolute capacity. Going so far at this juncture as tearing out non-native plants would be a bit severe especially since such a broad ranging edict would have many negative effects on the local environment including